Criteria:
Social Studies ,Religious and Political Studies ,Historical Studies ,Declaration
Social Studies
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The occasional mobster is a Latin term which refers to criminals who have illegal, conflicting and antagonistic behaviors against well-organized forces in the society and who violate the social values … More
Social Studies
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A habitual mobster refers to people who frequently commit crimes for gaining profits and benefits resulting from the crime commission and in fact criminal acts are regarded as their profession … More
Social Studies
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Biological criminology is one of the criminological branches that deal with the role of biological causes in committing crimes and provides reasons for the commission of crime … More
Social Studies
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In sociological terms, power means the ability of people or members of a group to achieve their special goals or to further their interests through compelling other people to do things contrary to their desires. Power is a social privilege which is addressed in classification … More
Social Studies
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Neuroticism or neurosis is defined as experiencing negative emotions and psychological distress which includes anxiety, aggression, depression and impulsiveness and the like … More
Social Studies
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In Dehkhoda dictionary, the word rape is assault, being outside of limits, rights and justice. Rape is a humiliating and violent act done through sexual conducts for expressing power and anger. In such cases, the sexual relationship is seldom the main subject and in most cases, sexual issues will serve the nonsexual needs … More
Social Studies
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Under clause A of article 1 of the bill on preventing crimes, social prevention is some tactics and measures of educational, cultural, economic and social of the government , NGOs and popular institutions in the area of optimizing the social environments and the physical environments for eliminating and reducing social factors of crime occurrence … More
Social Studies
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In Hamid Persian dictionary, trust is synonymous with relying and entrusting something with someone … More
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Ghal'e Shahr No was the name of a neighborhood in Tehran. In this neighborhood, there were prostitution houses and pubs and its major streets were Haj Mahmood Street, Ghevam Daftar Street, Rahpeima Street and Jamshid Street. This neighborhood was also known with such names as "Share No", " Ghal'e Shahr No", Ghal'e Zahedi", Ghal'e", "Ghal'e Khamooshan", "Jamshidye neighborhood", " Qajar neighborhood" and "Gomrok", where the women living there were also called "Residents of the Grief Neighborhood" (1). … More
Social Studies
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Historically speaking, Kallash has been one of the oldest regions in the expansive lands of Iran and its people consist of Kurdish people from the Jaaf tribe, who have a Median and Aryan race and it is thought that they have been among judges and scribers in the Ardalan's family government … More
Social Studies
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Police mental health denotes, having a pleasant feeling towards oneself, acquiring necessary skills, establishing effective communications with the surrounding, accountability and managing, decision making for performing duties and eliminating problems … More
Social Studies
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Geographical investigation is the first attempt by the science of geography to analyze the relation between the environment and the human behavior. According to this approach, natural environment situation (climate) has a determining role in perceptions, feelings and criminal behavior of man … More
Social Studies
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Durkheim, the French sociologist states:" each act deserving … More
Social Studies
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Computer crimes include computer misuse and any illegal, immoral and illegitimate behavior pertaining to automatic processing and data transference … More
Social Studies
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Crimes without victims are referred to activities in which people are more or less engaged liberally, without hurting others directly; however, such acts are defined illegal acts (1). … More
Social Studies
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Driving Violence is a term which is studied in the field of traffic psychology science and it is referred to abnormal behavior which has a tendency to directly damage others in the process of traffic (1). … More
Social Studies
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Lexically, neglect denotes to omit and to err in an affair. Also, it refers to intentional guilt or error. Neglect, lexically means to be frustrated, to come short and to fail. Legally speaking, it is an omission of a binding rule without negligence having ever happened. It is possible for neglect to emerge in all professions and social activities including in the police task (1). … More
Social Studies
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Honor crime or honor killing refers to commission of violence and murder against women of a family at the hands of men of their own relatives. These women are punished due to "dishonoring the dignity of their own family … More
Social Studies
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While some have considered globalization as the beginning of the human history and some others have regarded it as a modern and recent process belonging to the last quarter of the twentieth century; some others consider it as consistent with modernity and modernization which has grown along with development of capitalism … More
Social Studies
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Gypsy is the name of some dispersed ethnic groups who live in various countries across the world and in different regions of Iran … More
Social Studies
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Fraud is an offence which is known with the definition of the act by the defrauder meaning the defrauder, upon deceiving his own prey hunts his property and applies sly and deception for tricking the prey. It is in this view that in fraud, the victim, i.e. the individual subject to fraud provides the defrauder with his own property upon his own consent and this is the distinguishing aspect of this crime from other crimes against properties … More
Social Studies
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Police mental health denotes having a pleasant feeling towards oneself, acquiring necessary skills, establishing effective communications with the surrounding, accountability and managing decision making for performing duties and eliminating problems (1). … More
Social Studies
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: Police Sciences University is considered one of the most significant units of the Islamic Republic of Iran's Police Forces which was established in 1944 and has started working in late 2000 with a modern education system containing 15 majors and 26 various tendencies in line with the IRIPF's specialized needs for attraction and application of meritorious youth as well as education of would-be experienced officers (1). … More
Social Studies
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Khake Sefid is a neighborhood located in north eastern part of Tehran Pars with an approximate expanse of 493 hectares and a population reaching up to 146000 people which is the most populous area in the fourth district, Tehran Municipality. Khake Sefid leads to Damavand road and Sorkhe Hesar jungle from right while in the left it leads to Tehran Pars and leads to Hakimye from north while it reaches Javadye neighborhood from south. The reason why this neighborhood was named Khake Sefid was that in this neighborhood, no agriculture took place and its land was barren like other villages of Tehran Pars … More
Social Studies
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Men and women who have overactive sexual activities and concentrate all of their lives' affairs by using drugs surrounding these activities. Therefore, intercourse lunacy is an insatiable sexual propensity that would culminate in disrupted professional familial and social status of the ones affected with it (1). … More
Social Studies
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Criminal behaviors which are committed by women under the influence of emotional, sex factors and the way glands function, especially hormones at the age of puberty, menopause and oldness (1). Offences whose frequency among women compared to men are high (2). … More
Social Studies
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: It means demanding for money from the latter without doing work. Western contemporary sociologist, Glymor states: "beggary" is an organized activity in which the individual (who is able to work) prefers beggary over working (1). Therefore, beggary is a process by which the beggar takes benefit of others' income and lives life. Each of the members of the society who are neither a profession owner (in its economic sense) nor are participants in social production and are always freeloaders and socially redundant are called … More
Social Studies
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Arrest and imprisonment of the offender is one of the criteria of the … More
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Quality of working life of police is a social psychology term which surveys police force’s perception of living status according to personal objectives, expectations, cultural standards and value systems … More
Social Studies
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Delinquency is kind of misbehavior which tends to crooked manner rather than ignoring values , hence , in comparison to committing crimes , it is more common and has got meaningful spreading … More
Social Studies
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Legal psychology is concerned with legal issues related with mental disorders or psychopathy such that in the courthouses, psychologists present their own specialized theories formally so that in accordance with their measurements and examinations judgment is made regarding the accused or the criminal. This science concentrates on relationships between psychology and laws and offers evidence for the facilitation of legal decision making … More
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Sociology is a body of knowledge that deals with study of actions, organizations and social institutions as well as relations between them. In contrast, traffic literally means traveling, transportation and wandering and the like. Technically speaking, it is concerned with human, means and animals passage … More
Social Studies
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Social tension is an emotional and passive state based on wrongdoing or infringement (offence) between persons or groups. In addition to this, this term contains a hidden contradictory and to some extent repressed thinking that has not reached the "level of outburst" … More
Social Studies
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The term social police as a social institution act to remove barriers to a civic life and prefer interaction to confrontation in the face of people. When affairs end up in confrontations, police begin to enforce the laws. … More
Social Studies
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Urban revolution has a double concept. The first definition: it is concerned with a process during which agriculture-based rural communities expand to urban communities wherein they are complicated in social, economic and politics dimensions … More
Social Studies
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Social discipline means compliance of all members of the society with norms, values and laws which create the basis for potentiation of the society. … More
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Police behavior correction means optimization of the way police forces treat citizens for the fulfillment of citizenship rights, implementation of the laws and prevention from crimes … More
Social Studies
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satisfaction indicates recognition experience and it is defined as the understood difference between wish and progress in life … More
Social Studies
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The word order means arrangement, discipline and sequence … More
Social Studies
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The word discipline literally means getting organized, well kept up, regulated and full adherence to social norms … More
Social Studies
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social capital is the sum of existing norms in social systems that cause promotion of cooperation levels among that community members and reduction of transactions and communications costs levels. … More
Social Studies
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The term criminology which is literally called LA Criminologie in French was first used by the French Toupinar … More
Social Studies
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Professional criminal is referred to a person who commits crimes in a professional manner to earn money (1). … More
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Community-centered is a general term and refers to strategies police apply so as to get people engaged in establishing order in the community. Community-centered police is a general term and it is a process through which people contribute to the control of crimes … More
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The words morphology come from mid-19th century Greek word morphē 'form' + -logy. The Greek root word morph meaning “shape, form or structure” and logy or Logos in its original Greek means understanding and cognition. … More
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Negativistic or Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder is a non-verbal aggression that manifests in negative behavior. … More
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Crimes of mentally disordered patients is studied in forensic psychology science … More
Social Studies
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collective behavior is an action or movement which is performed collectively by coordination of several persons … More
Social Studies
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Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view, instead fluxing and flowing as a philosophy … More
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Social Influence encompasses changes in behavior or beliefs of an individual as a result of Real or imaginary pressure, voluntary or involuntary, applied by a person or a group of people. In other words, deliberate attempts of police to change people’s beliefs and ideas, and feedbacks of such attempts are manifested whether by conformity, compliance or obedience; as far as some social psychologists presume the outcome of social influence to be in form of conformity. … More
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Child Abuse is any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. Ignoring children’s needs, putting them in unsupervised, dangerous situations, or making a child feel worthless or stupid are some cases in child abuse. … More
Social Studies
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Psychoanalysis (or so-called depth psychology) is a set of psychological and psychotherapeutic theories and associated techniques based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions. … More
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Schools safety police or school police is a honorary group led by national traffic police of Iran based on the guidelines of the Ministry of Interior operational from 1381 in elementary and junior schools. The program is designed to train school students what they must know regarding rules and regulations of living in modern day communities … More
Social Studies
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The society and the police in particular expect their community people to follow social norms and values, but there are always people who violate these values. People who follow the society are called normal while those who violate the values are considered non-normal people. Social norms allow the police to supervise the society and the people in there and prevent crimes and establish order and security … More
Social Studies
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Police contributor is a plan which was for the first time implemented by the Islamic Republic of Iran's Security Forces (IRISF) traffic department for educating and building traffic culture for the elementary and junior school students. By contributor, it is meant students who contribute to traffic operations and missions … More
Social Studies
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The term pornography has a Greek root and is comprised of two words of porn (in Greek: πόρνη and in English: pornē) meaning prostitute and of grapho (in Greek: γράφω and in English: graphō) meaning writing, thus this term means prostitute writing … More
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Police social and communicational skills refer to those skills that police forces apply in their interpersonal interactions and in the face of friends, colleagues and people as a whole … More
Social Studies
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An addict is someone who has become dependent on drugs as a result of continuous and steady consumption; in other words, a person who is mentally dependent on drugs and takes substances is called addict … More
Social Studies
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Neuroticism is a mild mental disorder … More
Social Studies
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Fighting social crimes could be regarded as a set of measures taken by relevant institutions and organizations before, during and after crimes happen so that crimes are reduced, controlled and eliminated. … More
Social Studies
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Gambling is so to speak winning and losing by means of gambling instruments like frame and walnut, money coins, cards and bridge and the like … More
Social Studies
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Various definitions have been offered about the word victim in criminology and law books. They can be classified as broad and narrow definitions … More
Social Studies
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Lawlessness is a social abnormal behavior which is the fundamentalproblem of many countries in the world. … More
Social Studies
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Corruption literally means destruction, decay, disturbance and turmoil … More
Social Studies
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In Persian, Corruption means decay, demise and destruction … More
Social Studies
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Psychosis (1) is a class of mental disorders which is distinguished by severance from reality, delusion and hallucination and failure of personality and the like. This category is discussed in psychopathology (2). Psychosis is consisted of two words of "psyche" meaning soul and "osis" meaning unnatural. … More
Social Studies
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Criminal personality is a term which is raised in the criminal psychology (1). This term is applied in relation with criminals and offenders … More
Social Studies
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Robbery is among apparently similar forms of theft being different in that robbery takes place in the presence of the victim. Robbery means taking or attempting to take something valuable from another person or persons through force, threat, violence, or intimidation of the victim … More
Social Studies
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Military psychology is research, designing, and application of psychological theories and empirical data for perceiving, predicting, coping and confronting enemy behaviors or non-military population which are regarded as threatening, dangerous and unfavorable for the military operation … More
Social Studies
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Eyewitness psychology is a branch of psychology science which deals with manners of interview with eyewitnesses and manners wherein suspects are shown to eyewitnesses. … More
Social Studies
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Psychology of terrorism deals with emergence, development and understanding of terrorism as a kind of violent behavior which is categorized in the class of abnormal behaviors … More
Social Studies
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Subculture refers to a group of values, norms, manners of behavior and lifestyle of a social group which are distinct from the dominant culture of the imagined society but are related with it. Each society expects its own members to follow values and norms, but there are always people who violate these values. People who conform to the society are normal and those who do not conform are abnormal people. Deviancy could be defined as nonconformity with a group of specific norms which a large number of people have accepted it … More
Social Studies
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Subculture refers to a group of values, norms, manners of behavior and lifestyle of a social group which are distinct from the dominant culture of the imagined society but are related with it. (1). Police subculture is concerned with policing habits and values and attitudes which distinguish the police social class from the rest of social classes … More
Social Studies
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Murder mania is a type of instantaneous mania which is sudden, without provocation and selection of action along with force, horror and intimidation. This phenomenon, in fact, existed in the Far East and recently, it has risen in the near east and currently, it is seen in America, Central Europe, specifically in Germany and Switzerland … More
Social Studies
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Typology is a body of knowledge that helps us partially understand inclinations, desires or problems of people without attention to their apparent forms. … More
Social Studies
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Criminal profiling or behavioral profiling (1) is a subject which is studied in the science of forensic psychology. Criminal profiling reveals mental and sociological characteristics of a criminal upon which forensic researchers employ evidence collected from the crime scene, nature of crime and type of criminals for the identification of criminals … More
Social Studies
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Aggression is a term which includes behaviors causing harm to self and others. This subject has been of concern in psychology and sociology sciences and other related sciences … More
Social Studies
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Anomie is among topics of interest to disciplines of psychology, sociology and law … More
Social Studies
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Cohesion literally means to hold and fit together. Social is an adjective which is attributed to a community, against personal. 1. An affair pertaining to the community and all, that which belongs to a group who live together, e.g. cultural, heath, economic, political and cooperative institutions and the like, 2. Someone who is acquainted with public customs, 3. An advocate of socialist community or social affairs; affairs done in the benefit of the public … More
Social Studies
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Social security is a category to which the state and people alongside each other will contribute. Social security can be applied as a hypothetical concept for any human community and means the ability to maintain internal acceptable conditions for perfecting traditional patterns of language, culture, associations, religion, national identity and conventions … More
Social Studies
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Addiction is a mental, social and economic disease which results from unnatural and illegal consumption of some substance like alcohol, hashish and opiate and the like and results in mental and physiologic dependency of the person affected (addict) with this substance, thereby leaving adverse impacts on physical, mental and social performance of the person. Investigating the phenomenon of addiction takes place in medical, psychological and sociological forms. Since 1964, the World Health Organization has suggested the phrase drug dependency or dependency on drugs instead of the term addiction, but using the term addiction is still common … More
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Police psychological standards involve all psychological characteristics that a police member needs. According to the definition by WHO, health is "state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not just a lack of patience and disability". It can be said that, for securing health, its mental part which is an indispensable part of health components must be certainly focused attention. Mental health not only involves mental disorders but it also includes aspects for promotion and improvement of mental health situation … More
Social Studies
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Psychopathology is a body of knowledge that deals with investigation of humans and all pathologies threatening them both mentally and psychologically … More
Social Studies
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In general, Social control is applied to methods or devices used to make an individual adapt himself to the expectations of a certain group of people or to the whole society. (1)It is a process in which we try to rehabilitate the behavior of a person who has deviated from the social manners of society to its former condition, or if he deviates totally from those manners, he would be led or impelled to observe those principles completely.(2) Social control is a process in which we can confront or fight against the deviation of a person (or persons) to keep the social stability. (3) … More
Social Studies
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Slum living is a phenomenon that is developed by informal and unauthorized settlements of a large group of people in a location in the urban margin … More
Social Studies
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security sociology is made up of two words,sociology and security. … More
Social Studies
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schizophrenia is composed of the combination of two words as "schizein" meaning to split or breakup and "phren" or "phrenos" meaning the mind and thought. So schizophrenia means splitting of the mind … More
Social Studies
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prostitution means selling your body and prostitute is someone who spends her life through selling her body. Prostitution is kind of crime and regarded as one social damage. Most of prostitutes have mental disorders and depressions (1). … More
Social Studies
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social worker means assistant, supporter and advocator. Social working is defined as collection of practices, consultations and professional activities which in paradigm of institutes, organizations and relief, social, cultural and pedagogical rehabilitation agencies provide alteration in physical and moral conditions of individuals and community members for their relief, growth and felicity … More
Social Studies
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“police social capital” was used for the first time by “Hani Fan” on 1916. Hani Fan got the idea of police social capital from Davii conception because Davii believed in corporation, associational and democratic life style especially in schools and students’ educational system … More
Social Studies
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personality is one of the basic concepts in psychological sciences. Personality is particular style of thinking and behaving of one person. In other words, distinctive characteristics of thinking and behaving of each individual depict his/her personality … More
Social Studies
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This term refers to a definition or process during which the police image is formed in the mind of the people through media (from newspaper and books to radio, television and internet) … More
Social Studies
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paraphilia includes a group of disorders in which sexual attraction is directed towards indistinct objects and sexual activities that have an unconventional nature … More
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in the past paranoid meant madness, but in 18th century this term was used for those illnesses which their basic symptoms were delusion and hallucination or delirium. At the present time, instead of paranoid, the term ?delirium disorder? is used and because of mentioned reasons, these crimes are much more than the other crimes … More
Social Studies
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minority means: 1- number or amount that is less than half of a total 2- The group that is smaller part of a larger group. 3- A group of people who are different from the larger group in a country, area, etc., in some ways (such as race or religion). Minority is a sociology term and often is defined as a member of group who is under discrimination by other social groups and have inappropriate situation. Member of minority groups have some kind of integrative and belonging feelings. As a result, loyalty and mutual interests are common among them … More
Social Studies
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Based on diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, mania is among mood disorders which the people affected by it, commit a variety of crimes because of the characteristics of this disorder … More
Social Studies
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immigrant is a person who comes to another country to take up permanent residence. … More
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family violence means harsh and hegemonic behavior of one member of family against one member or other members of family. Family violence is a cultural and global issue which its cultural roots are ancient and deep … More
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personality is one of the basic conception in psychology. Personality means special style of thinking or behaving of someone; in other words, particular way of thinking and behaving of each individual expresses whose personality … More
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it defines as a continuous pattern of thoughts, feelings and behaviors which is observable permanently through persons … More
Social Studies
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it is a branch of psychology that deals with the psychological and mental issues related to crime and delinquency. In other words, criminal psychology can be defined as the study of criminal behavior and the subjective processes involved in the crime … More
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Epilepsy is among brain chronic disorders characterized by convulsing crisis or seizure and fainting with some affected patients showing specific criminal behavior on account of being affected by it … More
Social Studies
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Conduct disorder is referred to any plain and evident deviation in a person's social performance, to a degree where it causes violation in social interaction or person's performance compared with accepted norms of that person's culture … More
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Community-oriented policing is a part of police forces which alongside professional and political police forces works on social groups? needs, wants and demands; essentially, this unit?s responsibilities and missions are based on peoples will and demands. … More
Social Studies
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Alcoholism can be defined as a disease caused by chronic and excessive consumption of alcohol that causes psychological, interpersonal, and medical issues and is studied in the field of psychology-psychiatry and sociology … More
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diagnostic personality disorders are among types of B group of personality disorders that mostly are determined by excitement, acting and instability; in comparison to other sort of disorders, it?s more common in society … More
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Borderline personality disorder is a psychological expression which has very broad amplitude. … More
Social Studies
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Détente denotes lessening escalation and tension between person with himself, person with the latter, others with the state and states with other states … More
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family violence means harsh and hegemonic behavior of one member of family against one member or other members of family. Family violence is a cultural and global issue which its cultural roots are ancient and deep … More


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